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Debt Management

Debt Management

Debt Management helps federal agencies and state governments collect debt (the money owed to them).

Did you get a notice from a federal or state agency about owing money?

See these question and answer pages:

Debt Collection Improvement Act

The legal foundation for much of the debt collection work that Fiscal Service does is the Debt Collection Improvement Act of 1996 (DCIA). Under this law:

  • Treasury collects delinquent (overdue) nontax federal debt on behalf of federal agencies.
  • Federal agencies generally must refer delinquent nontax debt to Treasury for collection and report those debts to credit bureaus.
  • Federal agencies may garnish the non-federal wages of employees who owe delinquent nontax debts without a court order. (Garnish means to withhold money from someone's pay.)
  • Delinquent debtors are generally barred from getting federal loans or loan guarantees until they resolve those debts.

Looking for Specific Information for Debt Management Programs?

Watch our informative video about Debt Management:

Learn about all Debt Management programs, or visit specific programs using the options below:

Do Not Pay

Detects and prevents improper payments made by federal agencies.

Centralized Receivables Service

Assists federal agencies in managing accounts receivable.

Treasury Offset Program

Collects delinquent debts, including unpaid loans, overpayments, fines, penalties, and child support obligations, by offsetting eligible federal and state payments, including federal benefit, tax refunds, salary, civil service and military retirement, and vendor payments.


Collects delinquent, nontax debts through various means, including administrative wage garnishment and credit bureau reporting.

Legal Authorities


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Last modified 07/17/23