Skip Navigation
Official website of the United States Government We can do this. Find COVID-19 vaccines near you. Visit U.S. Department of the Treasury
Bureau of the Fiscal Service Home
Direct Deposit (Electronic Funds Transfer)

Vendor Guidance

Provisions of the Debt Collection Improvement Act of 1996 require that the majority of federal payments be made by direct deposit (electronic funds transfer (EFT)). Direct deposit (EFT) impacts every federal government vendor regardless of the size of the company or the goods or services provided. If you are not already doing so, you will need to arrange to receive payments and payment-related information electronically.

If you or your financial institution have any questions about vendor payments, the ACH, or the delivery of payment-related information, please contact the Fiscal Service customer assistance staff at the National Payment Center of Excellence or the Philadelphia Financial Center - whichever is closest to your location.

Vendor Payments Policy

The EFT rule (31 CFR Part 208) requires that most federal payments be made electronically. Waivers are available to agencies and to individual recipients, however, no waivers are available to vendors. As a result, any vendor of the Federal government is required to receive payment by direct deposit (electronic funds transfer (EFT)).

Vendor Payments & Delivery of Payment-Related Information

The Automated Clearing House is the primary system used to transmit and receive electronic payments. To receive electronic payments through the ACH for vendor payments, you are required to enroll with each federal agency with which you do business.

The ACH Vendor/Miscellaneous Payment Enrollment Form requires you to provide the federal agency your financial institution information (account number and routing number) so the funds can be deposited electronically to your account.

Depending on the capabilities of the federal agency with which you do business, the electronic payment will be sent in one of two ACH formats:

  1. Cash Concentration or Disbursement Plus Addendum (CCD+) for one payment and one invoice. This format contains one 80-character "addenda" record for transmitting the payment-related information.
  2. Corporate Trade Exchange (CTX) for one payment and multiple invoices. This format allows for 9,999 addenda records for transmitting payment-related information.

You will need to work with the federal agency to determine what information you need to identify the payment. The addenda record accompanying the payment can contain the invoice number, contract number, purchase order number, or any specific number that helps you identify the payment.

This process is referred to as Financial Electronic Data Interchange or Financial EDI. Financial EDI is used by thousands of businesses daily to exchange payments, payment information, or financial documents in standard formats.

Financial Institutions & Delivery of Payment-Related Information

The rules that govern the ACH system address the delivery of payment-related information. Upon your request, financial institutions must provide you with the payment-related information by the opening of the second business day after the payment posts to your account.

This rule impacts all financial institutions processing ACH payments. Financial institutions considered to be "EDI capable" have the means to translate the payment-related information as the payment posts to your account and provide the information to you via a paper report, fax, e-mail, or through an electronic transmission.

Questions to Ask Your Financial Institution

You should contact your financial institution prior to enrolling for electronic payments to discuss the delivery of the payment-related information. Depending on the type of account you have (corporate/business or consumer/retail), you may need to determine the appropriate area within your financial institution to contact. This could be the local branch that you do business with or the corporate cash management contact at the headquarters office or operations center. Here are several questions to ask your financial institution:

Can you provide payment-related information that may accompany electronic payments to my account?
Your financial institution may have a package of services available from which you can choose the best method for receiving the payment-related information.
How can you provide this payment-related information to me?
Paper, fax, electronic reports, or e-mail are acceptable means to be considered "EDI capable" and to be in compliance with the ACH rule change.
How quickly can you provide the payment-related information to me after the electronic payment posts to my account?
By the opening of business on the second business day following the settlement date of the payment is acceptable and is in compliance with the ACH rule change.
Is there a cost for providing this information?
Financial institutions have different fee schedules for different services and the cost may be determined by your account type. There may be costs associated with setup, per report delivery, and per addenda or character translation.

If your financial institution charges too much for payment-related data, you may be able to access this by data on the internet by enrolling in payment notification services provided by Internet Payment Platform (IPP).

Last modified 05/03/22