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Debt Collection Authorities:
Public Laws, Statutes and Other Authorities Related to the Collection of Delinquent Debts Owed to the Government

The Debt Collection Improvement Act of 1996 (DCIA) provides that any non-tax debt or claim owed to the U.S. Government that is 180 days delinquent, with certain exceptions, will be referred to the Department of the Treasury for collection. Debt that is in litigation or foreclosure, with a collection agency or designated federal debt collection center, or that will be disposed of under an asset sales program, is exempt from transfer to the Secretary.

Separately, agencies are required to notify Treasury of all nontax debts that are 120 days delinquent for purposes of administrative offset. There are no exemptions.

Legal Authorities By Program

Statutory Debt Collection Authorities

Regulatory Debt Collection Authorities

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